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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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move of Russian diplomacy and Press, every word and action of its Soviet
representatives., in fact, of all Soviet Russians abroad, was an expression
of the official policy and the realisation of some pre-determined plan.
From the beginning of 1943, after Stalingrad, the Kremlin had conducted
its foreign policy in the spirit of high independence, of faits accomplis
towards the weaker partners of the United Nations, and of constantly
increasing demands towards the stronger ones. This Soviet attack
against Europe was disguised under the ancient slogans of Tsarist im-
perialism, such as c Slav unity ** and the  necessity of reaching the open
ssas ? strategical frontiers * and so forth. All these slogans, including
' self-determination,of nations/ were intended for external consumption
only. As for Moscow itself, it had a thoroughly elaborated creed. As
late as 1938, Stalin, in his History of the Communist Party in the U.S.S.R.
(it was repeated in the English edition of 1942), had inserted and repeated
the oath which he had taken over the grave of Lenin :" Departing from
us3 Comrade Lenin adjured us to be faithful to the principles of the
Communist Internationale. We vow to you, Comrade Lenin, that we
will not spare our lives to strengthen and extend the union of the toilers
of the whole world, the Communist Internationale."
According to Stalin's conception, the term c Communist Inter-
nationale,' could only mean c Soviet Communism,' the antithesis of
Communism, which is based on the ideals of democracy and freedom
for the individual. The thesis of the Internationale were employed to
widen the scope of Russian Imperialism. But when Stalin finally under-
stood that it had been Ivan the Terrible, Peter the Great and Catherine
the Second who had laid the foundations of the Empire over which he
was now ruling, Soviet official historians were made to e right-about-face '
and proclaim the justice and necessity of the activities of these Tsars.
Suvorov and other eminent fore-runners of the expansion of Russian
Imperialism were held up as the example for the c Soviet Internationale '
to emulate. And the order named after them with its twenty-five
diamonds decorated the breasts of the Soviet Marshals who were now
their successors in the cc fortification and expansion of the Communist
Internationale/* in other words  of Russia.
The hopes expressed by Allied diplomacy and Press that the Polish-
Russian conflict could be settled, the Allies' attempts to act as mediators,
the personal letters from Churchill to Stalin, from Roosevelt to Stalin,
* The Slav Congress in Moscow had proclaimed Stalin " the leader of all the
Slav nations," just as Hitler had been cc of all German nations." But while
Hitler was from German stock^ Stalin3 a Georgiana had nothing in common with
the Slav race.
Moscow had replaced the slogan * proletarians of all countries unite I * by the
slogan ofc* Slav unity in the Slav countries/'